Generally speaking, the purpose of the protection of minors in the media is to assess media contents with respect to their potential of doing harm to children and adolescents and to regulate their public dissemination. It is the specific task of the KJM to manage the implementation of the Interstate Treaty for the Protection of Minors in the Media (JMStV). As an institution of the respective state media authority, it helps the authority to fulfil its tasks.
The KJM’s main activity consists of checking for breaches of provisions of the JMStV and taking decisions about measures against the media providers. These measures are then carried out by the state media authorities.
Besides reviewing broadcast programmes and online offerings, the KJM performs the following tasks, among others:
- Determination of transmission times
- Review and approval of encryption and PIN protection methods
- Definition of criteria for the certification of technical systems for the protection of minors
- Submission of indexing applications to the Federal Review Board for Media Harmful to Minors (BPjM)
- Providing opinions on indexing applications by the BPjM
The key tasks of the KJM also include strengthening and enhancing the system of regulated self-regulation provided for in the JMStV. With this scheme, the JMStV aims at strengthening the providers’ willingness to assume responsibility. In other words: certified self-regulation organisations are subject to a legally defined decision-making framework within which the KJM has limited investigative powers. If the providers adhere to the stipulations for a certified self-regulation organisation, sanctions are generally only possible if the organisation exceeds its scope of assessment.
Upon request, the KJM also checks whether the age rating determined by a certified self-regulation organisation should be adopted by the supreme state youth organisations.